Free College Education in America
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America boasts of an extensive resource of human capital that possesses highly coveted skills. This is the general view that is allotted to the typical high school graduate and the college graduate alike. In reality, these are two clearly distinct cadres of qualification. During the current state of the economic booms and the recessions, graduating with a degree from a college or a university gives you a clear head start to changing your life through high-income opportunities. Despite this great advantage that comes with completing a four-year degree or any other degree that takes more than four years, the average American high school graduate is finding it economically challenging to begin this next step of receiving an education. Some of the lifetime benefits of attending college include higher earnings, healthier lifestyle, improved social life, and assurance of employment, yet the ever increasing cost of tuition fees, reading material, accommodation, and costs for having to travel long distances have halted this academic endeavor for many individuals, especially the ones from poor backgrounds (Perna 118). The idea of starting a free college education seems inevitable if economic development is desired.
High school graduates are opting more and more to stop their education at just that, as it seems culturally and socially easier that way. College students feel more socially confident if they have associated with various people during their college education (Wu). Therefore, the divide between races and ethnicity is becoming more and more tangible in America. This divide, which is deepened by the high school fees, tends to instill friction among students, leaving most of them with only one option – dropping out. The motivation to pursue their desired degrees is shifted towards becoming socially and economically relevant. The scrapping off of high school fees would help retain students at school and this would motivate their further academic endeavor which would otherwise seem futile.
The economic difference among college students is leading to unhealthy competition in classes, causing drop-outs in schools. Politicians are claiming to make efforts towards assisting those students that can not afford an education, but the results of their work are not a clear reflection of the situation. Students tend to engage in part-time jobs that generate more income for their stay in school, shifting their focus away from learning and towards earning money. All this is done with the aim of competing with their economically stable peers who pay their fees and expenses with ease. The impact of this money-craze is reflected in their coursework, as they fail their courses. A free college education would eliminate this unhealthy situation by spreading equality and justice among all students and also encouraging academic pursuit.
The Federal and State government have been on the front line in funding higher education programs with little ripple effect being reflected in the fee structures of institutions. Grants and funding from the Federal government towards education have spiked over the last fifteen years with a thirty-six percent increase which is attributed partly to the economic success of the dollar alongside other sources of revenue (Camera). The question being posed is how the money has helped the students who are economically challenged. School fees are still rising and more and more students fail to attain college degrees. Such funding would offer great incentives for both students and teachers. It would offload the burden of tuition fees from parents, allowing students to learn for free. State governments are also contributing immensely towards these funds and grants.
In conclusion, it is safe to claim that college education should be free, since it is the only means to achieving professionalism. For the country to continue flourishing economically, emphasis needs to be directed towards generating highly competitive human capital. This will help drive development and see more funds being channeled towards attaining free education for all.
Camera, Lauren. “Federal Education Funding: Where Does the Money Go.” US News, 14 Jan. 2016, http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/data-mine/2016/01/14/federal-education-funding-where-does-the-money-go. Accessed 20 Jan. 2017.
Perna, Laura Walter. “Differences in the Decision to Attend College among African Americans, Hispanics, and Whites.” The Journal of Higher Education, vol. 71, no. 2, 2000, pp. 117-141.
Wu, Frank H. “What Most Bothered Me about Howard University.” The Huffington Post, 20 Oct. 2016, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/what-most-bothered-me-about-howard-university_us_5808e6d8e4b00483d3b5d106. Accessed 21 Jan. 2017.